Investing is risky, but diversifying your portfolio can help lower the likelihood of losing money. This strategy involves spreading your money across a variety of different investments, including stocks, bonds and cash.

Diversification can also help smooth out your returns over time and make investing more comfortable. It’s a strategy that’s tailored to your financial situation, tolerance for risk and long-term goals.

1. Investing in Diverse Asset Classes

An investment firms Melbourne portfolio containing a mix of different asset classes can help you minimize risk and maximize your potential for growth. Ideally, the blend should align with your risk tolerance and investment goals as well as your time horizon.

Diversification can be achieved in many ways, including by investing within the same asset category and between different asset categories. In addition to allocating your assets among stocks, bonds and cash, consider spreading your investments across asset classes that behave differently in the market, such as real estate, commodities and alternatives.

A diverse portfolio can also help you protect against losses from one investment that goes down in value. This can occur due to fluctuations in the stock market or in a single company’s earnings.

A diversified portfolio will also include some fixed income investments, such as bonds. Bonds typically offer lower returns than stocks, but they can help balance the overall risk profile of your portfolio. Choose bonds with varying credit qualities, maturities and issuers.

2. Investing in Diverse Companies

The investment industry is increasingly taking a stand on diversity, and companies that are seen to embrace it may find it easier to retain exceptional talent, have a more productive workforce and ultimately outperform less diverse peers on profitability.

There is a growing body of research that links racial, ethnic and gender diversity to business performance, but little work has been done on how investors feel about it.

To address this, a recent study found that when technology and finance firms reported higher numbers of women on their teams, investors were likely to invest more in those companies’ stocks.

This “diversity premium” is a positive factor, as it suggests that investors value more gender- and race-diverse companies for their financial returns and future prospects, even after accounting for other factors that can influence financial performance. For example, studies have shown that a top-quartile company with more women on its board outperformed a bottom-quartile one by 36% in profitability.

3. Investing in Diverse Markets

Diversification involves investing in a range of different assets, from stocks to bonds. This helps you avoid losing money in a single investment or sector when the market goes down.

Investing in a wide range of different assets can help you to build a diversified portfolio, which is a smart way to save for retirement. It’s also a good idea to periodically review your asset allocation, as it can change over time due to changes in the economy or other financial factors.

According to Bank of America, companies with more diverse boards and senior management experience significantly outperform their peers in one-year returns on equity. Specifically, companies with higher percentages of female representation enjoy a 1.1% higher return on equity than those with less gender diversity.

While many investors focus on domestic markets, it’s important to have exposure to international markets as well. Countries have their own economic cycles, so it’s a good idea to have a mix of stocks and bonds from around the world in your portfolio.

4. Investing in Diverse Countries

Investing in developing countries can offer the potential for financial returns and diversification, especially if the investment is made in a fund that has exposure to multiple markets. However, it is important to be aware of the risks associated with investing in emerging markets.

Historically, investing in these countries was associated with higher risk, but today’s emerging market economies are generally better managed than their counterparts. Many of them have benefited from improving economic growth, lower government barriers to trade and innovation, and greater adoption of technology.

Diversification has a number of benefits, including increased financial performance, a boost in creativity and an increase in attracting diverse job candidates. Studies also show that companies with more diversity on their board tend to outperform those with less. For example, Calvert Research found that stocks of companies with the highest percentage of people of color on their boards had a 1.5% higher stock price than those with the lowest.