A private security company, also known as a security guard company or private security outfit, is an organization that offers unarmed and armed security services for both commercial and public customers. The primary role of such companies is to provide protection and security for properties owned by public entities, as well as for those assets that are owned by private individuals. Private security companies can also work as security consultants and can help the government with their security needs. Private security guard hire London companies usually offer a 24-hour service and offer a wide range of security options such as access control systems, perimeter fencing, closed circuit video cameras, and alarms.
Private security companies can be defined as those firms and businesses that employ the services of professional security guards. Guards employed by such companies can include motorcycle guards, plain-jacket guards, security officers, tactical guards, and secret service officers. Usually, the term “private security company” refers to a company that employs guards and security personnel and provides them with professional security training. In addition to guards, such companies also employ personnel such as administrative assistants, technicians, foremen, receptionists, orderlies, maintenance men, truck drivers, mechanics, electricians, and other personnel who are specially trained to undertake various aspects of the tasks required in the private security industry. There are many small and large companies engaged in providing such services to the public.
The scope and size of a private security company’s manpower also depend on the type of contract or agreements it has with government entities and large corporations. For instance, a company engaged in providing security services to large corporations might have hundreds of security guards on duty at any one time. On the other hand, private security services offered by the police officers of a town or city can be limited to specific periods of time. Similarly, a private security company may only hire guards from a pool of applicants, while the police forces of a nation are selective in hiring security personnel. Private security guards and police officers often work together on certain tasks, such as guarding high-rise buildings.
Private security services that are supplied by a company that employs solely police officers are called “patrol services.” A private security guard hired by the police to provide security services is known as a “sworn member.” In addition, the police officers employed by a private security company may be divided into two specific categories: Regular police officers and reserve police officers. A police officer on duty can be involved in the following activities: protecting property and people; protecting the territory of the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, or the Forest Service; investigating crimes; apprehending criminals; and performing other similar duties. A reserve police officer, on the other hand, can be involved in the following activities: guarding people in the company’s premises, inspecting the premises for damage, theft, and dangerous materials, and assisting in other similar duties.
Private security agencies that specialize in apprehending criminals can be divided into two major types: state enforcement agencies and federal enforcement agencies. Among the various private security companies that hire sworn police officers are the U.S. Department of homeland security and the FBI, as well as the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, or ATF. In the past, the FBI was considered the lead agency for state enforcement agencies, but in recent years the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms has assumed that role. Today the primary federal law enforcement agency is the Drug Enforcement Administration, or DEA. The Department of homeland security and the U.S. military also employ private security officers.
Private security companies that have been in business for many years and employ hundreds or thousands of officers tend to be large nationwide businesses that have branches in all regions of the country. Many of these larger firms also have contract security force organizations, which consist of national guards and regional guards. These contracted forces are usually stationed in key points throughout the nation, although there are some firms that operate security detachments stationed at small towns in low-income areas. These smaller firms tend to employ local people who are familiar with local customs and business owners, so they tend to recruit locals when possible and keep them on retainer for several months at a time.